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Sources for this Disaster Profile include: NHK World, BBC, OCHA, The Guardian UK, CNN and responding NGOs. We welcome your updates. Email NGOresponse@disasterphilanthropy.org
Join us Tuesday, March 18, 2014 1:00 pm Eastern Daylight Time for a webinar on the recovery efforts following Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines.
Overview: Media coverage has dried up to a trickle. Support from the local and international NGO community and the United Nations is beginning to decrease as well. Yet hundreds of thousands of people are still without housing and jobs, and especially for those who were at risk before the storm even hit, the effects are still devastating. As with most disasters hitting the 4-month mark, short-term recovery efforts from Typhoon Haiyan are wrapping up, and the the area is moving into long-term recovery mode. As the rebuilding process begins, we check in on the state of vulnerable populations in the area.
Three months following Typhoon Haiyan, most of the work of long-term recovery has ended. Most short-term relief NGO organizations have left the region or will do so in the coming weeks. Now the Philippines is focused on the process of long-term recovery, including rebuilding the one million destroyed homes, identifying ways to mitigate future disasters, and looking for solutions to create new jobs. Learn more.
Two months after Typhoon Haiyan, known locally as Yolanda, shelter remains a pressing issue.There are still people in need of shelter in places such as Bantayan Island. Last week Tropical Depression moved through Guiyan, damaging or destroying 1,400 shelter tents. IDPs in Tacloban City will move from evacuation centres to bunkhouses by the end of this week. However, more work is required to prepare the sites.
Economic analysis of the Philippines shows that the typhoon is responsible for hampering economic growth. The disaster impacted more than 4 million livelihoods. Gross domestic product rose 6.5 percent from a year earlier, down from the 7.7 percent growth in the first half of the year, but still better than earlier estimates of between 4.1 to 6 percent.
Sources: TIME, Financial Times
The Philippines’ national budget for 2014 has ensured dedicated funding for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation programs, which represents a significant change in the country’s funding priorities to include proactive disaster risk management as well as a focus on response and rehabilitation.
A new US$293 million National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Fund replaces what was previously known as the Calamity Fund, which had a previous budget of US$158 million. It will be used to fund mitigation, disaster prevention and preparedness.
The Philippines’ biggest companies, business groups and non-government organizations (NGOs) have consolidated their efforts in preparing for and responding to disasters in the wake of a string of natural calamities that struck the country in recent months.
The Philippine Disaster Recovery Foundation (PDRF) aims to be a permanent and sustainable structure that will facilitate the large, coordinated and unified effort of the business community to handle the whole spectrum of disaster management. Learn more.
Typhoon Haiyan, locally known as Yolanda, made initial landfall in Eastern Samar, Philippines on November 8, 2013. The storm tracked across the Visayas region, bringing high winds, torrential rain and storm surge, ultimately impacting up to 16 million people. Unable to communicate due to loss of power and phones, it took days, even weeks, to reach certain parts of the country to assess the damages. Reports confirm that more than 6,000 people have died and as many as 1,800 are missing.
Following the storm, severe damages to properties and infrastructure were been reported. Electric posts and trees blocked roads; buildings and houses, especially those of light materials, were flattened.
Typhoon Haiyan roared onto Samar at 4:30 a.m., flooding streets and knocking out power and communications networks in many areas of the hilly island in the region of Eastern Visayas, and then continued its march, barreling into four other Philippine islands as it moved across the archipelago.
With sustained winds of 315 kph (195 mph) and gusts as strong as 380 kph (235 mph), Haiyan may be the strongest tropical cyclone to hit land anywhere in recorded history.
The day prior to the storm making landfall, thousands of people evacuated villages in the central Philippines. Authorities warned people in provinces across the country to prepare for possible flash floods, landslides and a storm surge as high as 7 meters (23 feet). About 125,000 people nationwide were moved to evacuation centers. However, many of those safe spaces were schools that could not sustain winds above 99 mph.
Among the most vulnerable were people living in tents on the central Philippine island of Bohol, where a 7.1-magnitude earthquake hit last month, killing at least 222 people, injuring nearly 1,000 and displacing about 350,000, according to authorities. On Friday, Bohol got a second jolt — this time from the typhoon’s winds and rain, but they were spared a direct hit.
Overall, Philippines officials, who pride themselves on planning and preparation had no idea that the storm would reach such magnitude. And the high rising tides, which do not always accompany typhoons, revealed itself much like a tsunami.
A Season of Challenges
The Philippines is an island nation of 96 million people living at the doorstep of climate change. Each year Filippinos face recurring natural disaster; enduring typhoons, severe drought, floods, and coastal erosion.
2013 brought with it back-to-back events, with Tropical Depression Shanshan arriving in February impacting 80,000 families, many of whom were still recovering from the massive 2012 Typhoon Bopha. Subsequent tropical depressions, typhoons, and monsoons occurred with regularity, taking hundreds of lives and leaving tens of thousands without homes.
The 7.1 magnitude earthquake in Bohol province Oct. 15, 2013 killed 222 people and injured 976. Eight people are still missing. Over 344,300 people were displaced with 80% living in makeshift shelters built in open spaces near their damaged houses. Just two weeks later, Typhoon Krosa made landfall Oct. 31, 2013 causing four deaths, damaging 32,000 homes and 6.3 million in crops.
Read about why the Philippines needs more help with long-term recovery on Bob’s blog.
Read about the CDP Typhoon Haiyan Recovery Fund on Regine’s blog.
Read about Bob Ottenhoff’s visit with representatives from the Philippines Embassy on his blog.
Read Regine A. Webster’s request to funders considering work in the Philippines on her blog.
Read an article co-authored by Lori J. Bertman, CDP co-founder and Board Chair for CSIS: Super Typhoon Haiyan: With So Many Still Suffering, Why Keep Our Eyes On Recovery?
Data provided by The Foundation Center, and self-reported by funders.
People affected have received vital emergency relief items such as food, water, sleeping mats, blankets and shelter kits.
Items distributed include:
Now Christian Aid is focusing on supporting communities to build back stronger. We will look at restoring shelter alongside livelihoods, particularly agriculture and fishing. In doing so, supporting some of the 5.9 million workers, such as farmers and fishermen and women, who’ve lost livelihoods or whose sources of income have been severely affected by the typhoon. Partners will be organising communities in Eastern Samar to turn felled coconut trees into timber, providing the means to rebuild homes.
Christian Aid’s Typhoon Appeal has so far raised £2.2 million ($3.6m).
The Washington Post Chico Harlan explains how the Philippines is one of the biggest resettlement crises in decades
Map of the devastation, New York Times
Before and After Photos, ABC News