Hurricane Sandy affected a wide swath of the Atlantic from Haiti and Jamaica to Canada. More than 200 deaths were attributed to the storm, with 146 of of those in the United States and 98 in the Caribbean.
One year later, NGOs remain on the ground helping people to rebuild their lives and local and federal jurisdictions are working to rebuild–and policy changes–to prevent such devastation from bring repeated. About $60.4 billion in federal aid has been provided to storm-affected areas.
In response to the storm, CDP established the CDP Hurricane Sandy Disaster Fund as well as a donor hotline at (206) 972-0187 for strategic giving advice, and we have hosted several convenings.
This Hurricane Sandy Disaster Profile contains background on the hurricane, NGO response and the work of local and national philanthropic organizations. We are also using this space to aggregate Hurricane Sandy-related research.
If you have suggestions for additional content or links, please email NGOresponse@disasterphilanthropy.org
The 10th named storm of the 2012 hurricane season, Hurricane Sandy affected a wide swath of the Atlantic, with deaths extending from Haiti and Jamaica to Canada. While still out in the ocean, it affected North Carolina coastal areas, causing storm surges and flooding on barrier islands. As the storm came ashore in New Jersey, it was so massive that the effects were felt as far south as the mountains of Tennessee and West Virginia, and as far west as Lake Michigan. More than 200 deaths have since been attributed to the storm, with most of those in the United States.
Sandy has raised key questions about building in coastal areas, and raised concern and discussion of future storms; New York officials revived talk of a storm surge barrier to protect the city. The storm also recharged the issue of those who refuse mandatory evacuation orders, choosing to shelter in place instead. Hurricane Irene, which struck essentially the same area in 2011 without causing as much damage as feared, only complicated the issue of evacuation “need.”
Facts & Stats
Hurricane Sandy Research and Reports
Oct. 29, 2013: Philanthropy New York, CDP and Foundation Center released preliminary results of research that looks at dollars raised for Sandy and how they were used. Read an analysis by CDP President Robert G. Ottenhoff.
- 286 people died, 78 of them in the U.S. making Sandy the deadliest hurricane to hit the United States mainland since Hurricane Katrina in 2005, as well as the deadliest hurricane to hit the U.S. East Coast since Hurricane Agnes in 1972.
- There were $68 billion in damages, much of it concentrated in New York and New Jersey, placing it among the worst U.S. disasters.
- Sandy damaged or destroyed 305,000 housing units and disrupted more than 265,000 businesses in New York. In New Jersey, 346,000 housing units were destroyed or damaged, and 190,000 businesses affected.
- Congress passed a $50.5 billion emergency package of relief and recovery aid. Added to $9.7 billion previously approved for a federal flood insurance program, the total is roughly in line with the $60.4 billion President Barack Obama requested.
- Hurricane Sandy initially hit several Caribbean nations on Oct. 25, 2012, impacting Haiti, Jamaica, and Cuba. There, 72 deaths were attributed to Sandy, which all told, affected 5 million residents.
- In Haiti, where residents continue to struggle to rebuild from the 2010 earthquake, the floods that followed the hurricane severely affected food security. The United Nations anticipates more than 1.5 million people at risk of food insecurity in 2013 due to the damage caused by Sandy. Cholera, which had broken out post-earthquake, was a continuing concern.
- In Cuba, news of the devastation was slow to arrive though 20 percent of the population was affected. It took a full two weeks for the first aid to arrive, a 40-ton shipment from the United Nations. Another 40 tons quickly followed.
- The hurricane made landfall in New York and New Jersey on Oct. 29, 2012, colliding with winter weather systems already present and creating a “perfect storm.” Widespread impact included destructive winds, heavy rainfall, storm surge flooding, and even heavy, wet snow. In New York and New Jersey, the storm surges were higher than 13 feet above the average low tide.
- At the height of the storm, more than 7.5 million people were without power. Power outages continued for weeks after the hurricane made landfall, yet many residents remained in their homes.
- In New England, Hurricane Sandy was complicated when a Nor’Easter blew in a few days later, bringing another blast of cold air and high storm surges to the area.West Virginia and Tennessee received nearly three feet of snow as a result of the storm.
Blogs: Check out our blog for more than a dozen blogs by CDP President Robert G. Ottenhoff; Vice President Regine A. Webster; and guests including the Brooklyn Community Foundation, Staten Island Community Foundation, The Long Island Community Foundation, Community Foundation of New Jersey, Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation and Brookings Istitution,
Dr. Irwin Redlener Article Highlights Lessons from Hurricane Sandy
Dr. Irwin Redlener, Director, National Center for Disaster Preparedness, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University and Co-Chair, NYS Ready Commission and Center for Disaster Philanthropy Advisory Council Member outlines lessons in five key areas: evacuations, citizen preparedness, vulnerable populations, incident command and coordination, mental health, training, and recovery. Read his full analysis provided to Philanthropy New York.
CDP Advisory Council Insights on Hurricane Sandy
While thousands of NGOs and volunteers rushed to offer much-needed immediate relief to communities and people impacted by Hurricane Sandy, the Center for Disaster Philanthropy estimates it may take years to fully rebuild communities in the United States and even longer in the Caribbean.
The Center for Disaster Philanthropy’s Advisory Council–experts from academia, the not-for-profit, public, and private sectors– offer their insights on long-term recovery needs and opportunities for donors.
- Offering support for vulnerable populations: Disasters have an especially high impact on vulnerable populations. The elderly, people with physical and developmental disabilities, veterans with PTSD, the homeless, and people living in poverty could be left without support services, housing, and jobs for the long-term. What’s more, communities would benefit from the creation of plans to better protect vulnerable populations prior to disaster.
- Providing protection for children: During Hurricane Sandy, some children lost their parents or relatives. Mental health experts anticipate that those impacted by the storm, especially children, will face mental health issues in the months and years to come. Experts also have identified the need to fund a system for tracking families and their children to mitigate future disasters.
- Supporting local nonprofits: In areas impacted by Hurricane Sandy, many non-profit organizations lost their ability to continue their much-needed operations due to loss of power, the destruction of their headquarters, and the displacement of employees. Experts suggested that non-profits could face the loss of their local donor base, as people have been displaced from communities. To mitigate future disasters, non-profits would benefit from developing crisis plans to ensure their sustainability.
- Rebuilding vital infrastructure: In addition to the loss of more than 10,000 homes in the United States, schools, libraries, public safety facilities, and day care centers have been destroyed. Helping to rebuild the basic facets of community will help residents return home with a feel of “normalcy.” Additionally, getting basic construction and medical supplies to Hurricane Sandy-impacted areas proved to be a challenge in the immediate days before and after the storm. Working to create more stable and resilient supply chains could help reduce the impact of future disasters.
- Supporting rebuilding in the Caribbean islands: Much of the U.S. media coverage has focused on New York and New Jersey. Yet the Bahamas, Dominican Republic, Cuba and Haiti suffered devastating storms. Across the Caribbean, where food security is a persistent issue, hundreds of thousands of people saw their crops washed away and the area will face food shortages.
While immediate relief dollars went to housing, food and clothing, the CDP Hurricane Sandy Disaster Fund was established to invest in long-term projects that fill gaps where public resources are unavailable or scarce. We requested grant applications from NGOs committed to projects that cross broad disciplines to ease the transition from disaster to normalcy;foster collaboration among donors; use existing local philanthropic networks and a work to strengthen local philanthropy;promote cross-sector coordination with academics, donors, think tanks, and public and private humanitarian actors; and support innovative research that informs policy and strengthens future disaster preparation and response. Learn more about the CDP Hurricane Sandy Disaster Fund.
Explore how other donors are responding.
View a list of established relief and recovery funds.
See the list of cash grants awarded.
Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and donors continue to responsd to Hurricane Sandy. If you or your organization would like to be included in this list to further your potential reach and ability to help those in need, please contact us.
- National Voluntary Organizations Active in Disasters (NVOAD) collaborated with state VOAD members and helped to coordinate on a regional, multi-state level. The organization also has posted two resource papers on its website, on providing food to infants and children in a disaster, and promoting the Disaster Distress Hotline. Learn more.
- AmeriCares provided more than $6.5 million in aid, benefiting more than 450,000 people, including $3.5 million in medicines and relief supplies to hard-hit communities, including first aid, 12,050 course treatments of medication including insulin and 2,742 doses of vaccine, medical supplies, enough bottled water for 75,000 people, blankets, diapers for 17,000 babies, 3,500 sleeping bags, as well as flashlights, first-aid kits, personal hygiene and relief supplies to support the work of clinics and shelters serving the ill, injured, powerless and displaced. AmeriCares also provided $3.0 million in funding to organizations, including a $250,000 grant to Long Beach Medical Center to care for poor and uninsured patients in the damaged Long Island community, grants to the World Cares Center for programs to provide emergency warmth and disaster cleanup for survivors in Staten Island and Far Rockaway, grants for mental health counseling for storm-affected children in Staten Island, Brooklyn and New Jersey, a grant and medical aid to help Breezy Point emergency services, and a grant to help elderly and disabled survivors stranded in high-rise buildings in Coney Island. AmeriCares parked mobile medical clinics outside damaged clinics in four New York locations in the Bronx, Rockaway, Queens, and Staten Island, thus allowing the clinics to serve patients for a total of 95 days until power was restored. AmeriCares also subsidized care for the uninsured in especially hard-hit areas, providing transportation to health centers, holding health fairs and funding clinics so their doors remained open. Learn more.
- Aidmatrix has been working to get the impacted communities’ needs captured and listed on The National Donations Management Network. Learn more.All Hands currently has two Superstorm Sandy response efforts: Project Staten Island and Project Long Island. They house staff and team leaders within the impacted areas, and coordinate efforts of volunteers to aid residents by removing debris (mucking) and removing affected walls/floors (gutting) so that homes, churches, etc. can be on a path toward rebuilding. Learn more.
- The American Red Cross is working every day to help more people affected by Superstorm Sandy. Trained Red Cross workers are meeting one-on-one with families to get them financial assistance to help with security and utility deposits, home repairs and rent, as well as linking them to available social service programs. In addition, the Red Cross has given grants to a number of nonprofits working in New Jersey and New York to help people with home repairs, mold remediation, food and financial assistance, and to support the work of community roundtables that will help ensure that Sandy needs are met. The Red Cross has spent or committed $260 million toward relief efforts. Learn more.
- All Hands currently has two Superstorm Sandy response efforts: Project Staten Island and Project Long Island. They house staff and team leaders within the impacted areas, and coordinate efforts of volunteers to aid residents by removing debris (mucking) and removing affected walls/floors (gutting) so that homes, churches, etc. can be on a path toward rebuilding. Learn more.
- Immediately following the storm, ASPCA staff and responders were hard at work providing relief to families affected by flooding and power outages. Responders delivered supplies, crates and food to evacuation centers, where hundreds of animals were housed, in the five boroughs. After the storm, the ASPCA worked to ensure that animal shelters in some of the hardest-hit areas have the resources necessary to stay in operation. Through our Emergency Grant Program, the ASPCA provided over 40 grants totaling over $350,000 to organizations responding to, or impacted by, Hurricane Sandy. Learn more.
- Blanton-Peale, a mental health counseling center and psychotherapy training institution, offered free, professionally facilitated support group for those affected by Hurricane Sandy in the tri-state New York metropolitan area to help them process reactions to the traumatic events. In addition, the organization offered a free group for clergy and caregivers to provide support in a confidential space for these professionals to address issues that arose from providing care for individuals and communities affected by severe trauma and loss. Learn more.
- The Coalition for the Homeless continues to assess the damage to shelters in the New York area. Before the hurricane, 47,000 people were staying in homeless shelters, a 20 percent increase from 2011. Many of the homeless shelters were evacuated and some that offered specialty services, such as those with HIV/AIDS, and youths, were left without heat, while at least one encountered significant flooding. Learn more.
- New York Cares, an organization that mobilizes volunteers in the city year-round, kicked off its annual coat drive earlier than usual to meet needs caused by Sandy. The organization gathered coats at the Veteran’s Day Parade. Learn more.
- CERF+ (Craft Emergency Relief Fund + Artists’ Emergency Resources) offered emergency relief to craft artists and emergency resources that benefited all artists. In response to Superstorm Sandy the organization recently launched the CERF+ Artists’ Relief Exchange in which artists can post needs and those with things or services to offer to artists can make them available. In addition, it offers grants up to $3,000 and no interest loans for craft artists who have had career-threatening emergencies. Learn more.
- Church World Service shipped $480,000 worth of blankets, hygiene kits, baby care, emergency cleanup kits, and school kits to New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. It also has launched a $100,000 appeal to provide relief in Haiti and Cuba. Learn more.
- Catholic Charities USA worked with its local agencies to assess needs that Hurricane Sandy created in their communities and provided immediate services. It estimated that 50 of its local agencies provided direct relief. Learn more. In the months since Hurricane Sandy, Catholic Charities USA has been able to distribute approximately $2.75 million worth of grants and in-kind donations to Catholic Charities agencies affected by Hurricane Sandy marked on the map below. CCUSA has also pledged to provide additional services in the form of long-term recovery grants totaling roughly $5 million for disbursement over the next 5 years. Learn more.
- Following the storm, Episcopal Relief & Development remained in contact with key diocesan staff to gather information about where damage had occurred and what the most pressing needs were. Many Episcopal congregations launched into action, expanding their feeding ministries, providing basic supplies and gas cards, and hosting community agencies that connected people to services and federal disaster funds. Many parishes also held events such as movie nights and community meals, providing respite from the stress of dealing with the disaster and creating space for people to talk about what they were going through and receive pastoral care. While relief activities still continue in some locations, the recent focus of diocesan response to Sandy has been on strengthening capacity at regional and congregational levels to engage in rebuilding and other recovery activities. The diocesan disaster recovery coordinators are charged with organizing and directing volunteers, and helping to develop ministries that will serve communities long after hurricane recovery is complete. Learn more.
- Feeding America member food banks continue to provide food and other supplies to those affected by Hurricane Sandy. So far, 243 truckloads of food and grocery products–or 7.6 million pounds–have been distributed to 11 food banks and more than $1 million has been secured from corporate partners. Learn more.
- The Humane Society of the United States deployed more than 140 staff and volunteers, helped rescue more than 350 animals from devastated areas, cared for more than 700 animals in emergency shelters, and helped set up four distribution centers for supplies. With the HSUS’ help, owners reclaimed more than 400 pets in total. With all animals now in foster care or with placement partners, their emergency shelters have closed. They continue to support St. Hubert’s Animal Welfare Center in New Jersey with the pet-fostering program developed after the hurricane. Learn more.
- The Jewish Federations of North America has opened the JFNA Hurricane Relief Fund to contribute to recovery and rebuilding in the wake of Hurricane Sandy. The Jewish Federation system across the continent has raised $7.4 million to aid victims of Hurricane Sandy. The funds already have gone toward basic amenities like food, clothing and housing, and will continue to be allocated for long-term needs. The new grant will complement that support. Learn more.
- International Medical Corps has mobilized emergency response teams to the hardest hit areas of Haiti, where Superstorm Sandy caused tremendous damage. International Medical Corps’ teams in Haiti are collaborating with local government agencies to coordinate the emergency response. We have added two additional mobile medical units (MMUs) at our Les Cayes site in the south, one of the hardest hit areas, for a total of three MMUs there. Each is conducting cholera and primary health screenings and providing healthcare services and hygiene promotion. To date, we have provided approximately 2,456 medical consultations, in addition to health education for 8,025 Haitians. We are also distributing hygiene, shelter and kitchen kits to internally displaced families.
- Medical Reserve Corps has instituted numerous preparedness and response activities related to Hurricane Sandy. The units that performed sheltering functions reported staffing and/or assisting in the setup of general community, functional, or special needs shelters and working at shelters in support of the American Red Cross (ARC). Units also indicated that they provided the community with health education, emergency communications support, and surge staffing to local hospitals, emergency management agencies, and public health departments. Volunteers in these units provided a total of 36,016 hours in community service, and units within the affected regions reported that they had more volunteers who were ready and willing to assist if needed. Additionally, many units that did not report Hurricane Sandy-related preparedness and response activities may have performed call-downs and notifications as part of their preparedness planning. An informal request for support was issued to the MRC listserv for volunteers who wanted to assist through the ARC. Reports of these activities, when provided, are also included here.
- Islamic Relief USA will be working with Smile, a local organization in New Jersey, to distribute food parcels to families in need in New Jersey. Packages will include staple items, such as pasta, sauces, beans, cereal and more. The effort began on Dec. 15 with a distribution of 500 boxes, and will continue for several weekends to come. IRUSA’s Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART) met with members from the American Red Cross, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), VOAD and other relief workers met on Oct. 27 to strategize about the most efficient aid delivery methods in anticipation of the storm. The DART team then mobilized to New Jersey, where the storm was predicted to make landfall, to help with relief efforts. IRUSA’s DART staff and volunteers provided shelter management services and helped however else needed at two separate hurricane shelters on the campus of Rutgers University until the shelters closed on November 2. The team was able to help more than 600 people. IRUSA has also been working with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to help with cleanup efforts across New Jersey and New York—and these efforts continue. In addition, IRUSA joined the 211 alert system, which identifies people who have signed up to receive humanitarian aid, and has been able to connect with a number of individuals through the system to help them as needed. Learn more.
- The Operation Blessing International team on the ground in the wake of the Sandy included a number of staff and equipment including a mobile command center; mobile kitchen with the capacity to serve up to 2,000 meals daily; construction trailers with tools and safety equipment needed for debris removal, tarping roofs, flood cleanup and gutting homes; kerosene heaters, and more. Learn more.
- NECHAMA is cleaning up Hoboken, N.J.’s community center, which is normally used for youth sports and seniors programs. It also serves as an Election Day polling place. The organization also is at work cleaning up a food pantry that was damaged by floods and a synagogue which must be cleaned before power can be restored. Over 1,700 volunteers have contributed over 21,000 hours and $600,000 worth of services for free to local communities. Learn more
- Save the Children delivered food, hygiene supplies, blankets, toys and children’s clothing to children and families in shelters. This included supplemental food for 15,545 children and their families and 150,000 diapers and other infant hygiene supplies for families with young children. They opened the storm-tested Child-Friendly Spaces at 16 shelters for children who did not have safe places to play and forget their stress and uncertainty. These spaces benefited 1,485 children. They also have helped nearly 30 local centers to re-open, through grants or distributions of materials. This is impacting over 3,200 preschool children. Thanks to the overwhelming generosity of their donors, Save the Children has raised over $3 million for the Hurricane Children in Emergency Fund. Learn more.
- When Superstorm Sandy ravaged the Northeast on Oct. 29, Samaritan’s Purse responded immediately, deploying relief within hours of the disaster. After coordinating more than 8,600 volunteers who cleared debris, removed downed trees, and made emergency repairs for more than 1,300 homeowners in need, we are transitioning into the rebuild and repair phase of the response. We plan to help between 35 to 40 people return home over the course of the next two years from our sites in Tom’s River, New Jersey, and Island Park, N.Y. The repairs and new homes are at no cost to homeowners, who were chosen because they lack the means to restore their own homes or because they lost their houses completely in the hurricane. Learn more.
- Southern Baptist Disaster Relief (SBDR) volunteers engaged in the response throughout the northeast and southeast. These volunteers prepared more than 1,000,000 hot meals within two weeks of landfall of Hurricane Sandy. More than 1,000 SBDR volunteers serve on Staten Island, at Aque- duct Racetrack in Queens, on Long Island, in Middletown, N.J., and other notable places in the northeast assisting victims of Hurricane Sandy. Volunteers include trained chaplains who travel with DR units and minister to the spiritual needs of hurting people. Learn more.
- International Rescue Committee (IRC) teams surveyed damage in and around Port-au-Prince, Haiti and within 24 hours of Hurricane Sandy and began distributing emergency supplies to affected families. So far the IRC has provided emergency kits with shelter materials and hygiene items to 4,200 victims of the storm and distributions continue. Learn more.
- Children are among the most vulnerable during disasters and in response to Hurricane Sandy, and nearly 100 professionals representing government agencies, private organizations and child care facilities gathered for the at the Child Care Emergency Preparedness Symposium in Washington, D.C., to discuss best policies and practice in preparing for the worst. Save the Children hosted the event, in partnership with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), Child Care Aware of America and the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC). Learn more.
- Sparkrelief.org helped feed over 4,000 people, partnered with Aubuchon Hardware to collect and distribute goods donated by thousands of people, and helped Lush Cosmetics distribute over $40,000 worth of bath products to those in need along the coast in New York and New Jersey. In addition, it helped countless people find shelter from the storm. Check out Sparkrelief.org for more.
- The Collegiate Church Corporation designated $200,000 to Hurricane Sandy relief. The organization’s five ministries are engaged in hands-on recovery work in Staten Island, the Rockaways, the New Jersey shore and the East Village. They have distributed food and supplies and are now helping with clean up and rebuilding efforts. Learn more (click through to the individual ministries).
- Quality Parks is documenting the impact of the hurricane on the beaches in the region and seeking donations to begin a 2013 Long Island Master Naturalist program, which will train volunteers in four phases of emergency management: mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. Learn more.
- The Salvation Army served first responders and survivors at 16 shelters throughout New Jersey, and providing meals in 12 counties. In New York City, it is coordinating the city’s Food Access Plan, overseeing distribution of food and water to 17 sites in Staten Island, Queens, Brooklyn, and Manhattan. In Nassau County, N.Y., meals ready to eat provided by the state and 1,000 blankets provided by The Salvation Army were distributed to residents of Island Park, one of the hardest hit areas. And in nearby Suffolk County, NY, The Salvation Army is working to distribute in-kind donations for Sandy survivors. Learn more.
- Presbyterian Church in America – Mission to North America worked closely with local church leadership to assess needs. The organization also worked through VOAD affiliations to determine specific needs. It also mobilized volunteers to assist in Atlantic City. Learn more.
- Hands on Network, an enterprise of Points of Light, registered volunteers to respond to the disaster. Learn more
- Just days after the storm, World Renew Early Response Coordinators traveled through communities in New York and New Jersey to assess damage, network with local officials and partners, and provide emotional and spiritual care to those were affected. Rapid Response Teams served in the New Jersey communities of Midland Park, Little Ferry, and Union Beach to remove downed trees, clean-out flooded homes, and prevent mold. Regional and Project Managers and DRS staff assisted many communities in the early planning stages for a long-term recovery. World Renew is participating in workshop facilitation with more than 700 local recovery workers. We are also planning and implementing Community Assessments of Unmet Needs in multiple counties in New York, New Jersey, and Maryland. World Renew is actively supporting Long-Term Recovery Committees throughout the region and providing start-up grants to committees in Bergen, Monmouth, and Middlesex Counties in New Jersey. Short-term volunteer groups for cleanup and early reconstruction are being sent out, and plans for long-term reconstruction sites are being set in place. In addition, we are working collaboratively with the Reformed Church in America and other partners. Plans for the future include completing assessments in many communities to determine those with the greatest need, providing resources including expertise, volunteers, and financial assistance in affected communities, and sourcing volunteers to help with reconstruction. Learn more.
- World Vision disbursed over $2.4 million in assistance while working with strategic partners in providing disaster relief supplies, essential items and other non-food items that facilitated long-term recover in neighborhoods throughout New York City. Learn more.
- Ensure the needs of vulnerable populations are being met by disaster response and recovery initiatives. These include the elderly with no young relatives, the physically and mentally disabled (including veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder), etc. Invest in organizations that have a history of working in these areas and previous relationships with those involved. Additionally, assess ways to assist vulnerable populations in preparedness. Many residents in New York chose to shelter in place, which was made more difficult as power outages continued to for weeks. While some of those residents were resilient for a few days, as the disaster lingered on, living conditions became extremely challenging.
- Create preparedness programs that include potential outcomes, as well as weather forecast models that include consequence analysis. Improved risk analysis may help future populations be more willing to move out of harm’s way.
- Support further research into climate change and its effect on natural disaster occurrence. In addition, consider how this research could be linked to disaster risk reduction strategies.
- Develop guidelines for protecting children—both physically and psychologically—during and after disasters. Strategies for tracking displaced children, for example, could be improved, and standard protocols could be set for schools and day care centers.
- Explore more stable and resilient supply chains for medical needs, including prescriptions. Infrastructure damage—especially in areas of large populations—can mean many without access to the help they need.
- Seek out programs that aim to help with recovery and rebuilding in overlooked areas such as West Virginia, Connecticut, Haiti, Cuba, and Jamaica. With large population centers like New York and New Jersey affected, some of the less densely populated areas have not received as much media attention or philanthropic support.