Hurricanes Irma and Maria delivered a devastating 1-2 punch to Puerto Rico in September 2017.
Irma skirted the northeastern side of the island on Sept. 6 as a category-5 hurricane. Winds and rain from the storm downed powerlines and caused flooding on the island.
Two weeks later, Maria slammed into Puerto Rico as a category-4/3 storm.
Long-term recovery in Puerto Rico, which is home to 3.4 million American citizens, will take years, and is complicated by its decade-long economic crisis that has left the island responsible for $70 billion in debt and another $50 billion in pension obligations. Puerto Rico’s infrastructure was so battered that more than five months after the storms, residential electric service hadn’t been fully restored and more than forty-percent of the island’s 5,000 miles of roads were impassable.
In November, Puerto Rican officials requested $94 billion in disaster relief from the federal government. On Feb. 9, Congress passed an $89 billion relief bill for Irma, Maria, and Hurricane Harvey, which hit Texas and Louisiana in August.
Before the relief bill passed, Puerto Rico received the following aid:
- $1.5 billion from FEMA in public assistance and individual grants
- $61 million in private donations from 122 pledges.
FEMA also extended the deadline to apply for the relief funds to March 20.
Maria was the strongest hurricane to hit Puerto Rico since 1928. Experts estimate the storm could have contributed to as many as 1,000 deaths in Puerto Rico, according to The New York Times.
FEMA issued major disaster declarations on the island for both Maria and Irma.
- Housing recovery. Every household and business in Puerto Rico was affected by the disaster, leaving homes in disarray and employees out of work.
- Creative, collaborative solutions. Bringing together multiple areas and players will be important over the long haul. As an example, projects that include sustained food, water, and housing options across each community with multiple players and resources. Disaster recovery as it has been done before will not work this time.
- Local capacity building. Support to and capacity building work with local organizations is of greatest importance to success here.
If you are a nongovernmental organization contact:
Assistant Director, Disasters and Grants
If you are a funder contact:
Regine A. Webster